होना

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Такође погледајте: हुनु, हानि, होने, и हनु

Hindi[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Hindi होना (honā), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀪𑁄𑀤𑀺 (bhodi), from Санскрт भवति (bhávati, to happen, to become), from Пра-Индо-Ирански *bʰáwHati, from Пра-Индо-Европски *bʰéwHeti (to grow, become, come into being, appear).

Cognate with Непалски हुनु (hunu), Punjabi ਹੋਣਾ (hoṇā), Гуџарати હોવું (hovũ), Marathi होणे (hoṇe), Бенгали হওয়া (hôoya), Асамски হোৱা (hüa). Other Indo-European cognates include Персијски بودن(budan), Руски быть (bytʹ), Енглески be, Латински fui, Шпански fui.

Past forms derive from Санскрт स्था (sthā). Compare Гуџарати થવું (thavũ, to become).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

होना (honā) (Urdu spelling ہونا‎) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. (transitive, copulative) to be (used to indicate that the subject and object are the same)
    आपका नाम क्या है?āpkā nām kyā hai?What is your name?
  2. (transitive, copulative) to be, become (to have or gain the quality of)
    खाना बहुत बुरा हैkhānā bahut burā hai.The food is very bad.
    तुम ग़ुस्से हो क्या?tum ġusse ho kyā?Are you angry?
    वह बहुत ग़ुस्सा हुआvah bahut ġussā huā.He was/became angry.
  3. (intransitive) to exist
    आस्तिक कहते है कि भगवान है
    āstik kahte hai ki bhagvān hai.
    Theists believe that God exists.
    1. (intransitive) to be born
      एक बच्चा हुआek baccā huā.A child was born.
  4. (intransitive) to occur, happen, take place
    घर में एक मुसीबत हुइ है।ghar mẽ ek musībat hui hai.A disaster has occurred at home.
    क्या हुआ?kyā huā?What happened?
    Синоними: घटना (ghaṭnā), घटित होन (ghaṭit hon)
  5. (intransitive) to be (occupy a certain location)
    मेरा भतीजा कहाँ है?merā bhatījā kahā̃ hai?Where is my nephew?
  6. (intransitive) to result, have an effect
    अगर तू नहीं जीतती तो क्या हुआ?
    agar tū nahī̃ jīttī to kyā huā?
    What does it matter if you didn't win?
    Синоним: फ़रक़ पड़ना (faraq paṛnā)
    Синоними: पैदा होना (paidā honā), जन्म लेना (janma lenā)
  7. (intransitive) to pass by, elapse
    दो साल हुए है जबसे मैंने नौकरी शुरू की।
    do sāl hue hai jabse mainne naukrī śurū kī.
    Two years have elapsed since I started (my) job.
  8. (intransitive, with instrumental-case subject) to be done, committed
    मुझसे एक ग़लती हो गई है।mujhse ek ġaltī ho gaī hai.I have made a mistake. (literally, “A mistake has been committed by me.”)
  9. (intransitive) a tense auxiliary
    मैं खा रहा हूँma͠i khā rahā hū̃.I am eating.
    वह हवाईजहाज़ को देख रहा था
    vah havāījhāz ko dekh rahā thā.
    He was watching the airplane.
  10. (intransitive) a modal auxiliary
    1. indicates the presumptive (a kind of irrealis) mood
      उसने नाश्ता खाया होगाusne nāśtā khāyā hogā.He probably ate breakfast.
    2. to have to, must
      मैं आज पार्टी पे नहीं आ पाऊंगा, मुझे काम करना है
      ma͠i āj pārṭī pe nahī̃ ā pāūṅgā, mujhe kām karnā hai.
      I can't go the party today, I have to do work.
  11. (transitive) a conjunct verb turning any noun or adjective into a verb
    खड़ा होनाkhaṛā honāto stand up
    बड़ा होनाbaṛā honāto grow up
    कूल होनाkūl honāto be cool
    परेशान होनाpareśān honāto be worried, anxious

Conjugation[уреди]

Impersonal forms of होना (honā)
Stem हो
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Conjunctive होकर, होके
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m m obl, pl f f obl, pl
Infinitive होना
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होने
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होनी
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होनीं
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Adjectival imperf होता
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होते
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होती
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होतीं
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perf हुआ
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होए
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हुई
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हुईं
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Agentive होनेवाला
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होनेवाले
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होनेवाली
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होनेवालीं
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Conjugation of होना (honā)
Person Singular Plural
1st person
मैं
2nd person
तू
3rd person
यह/वह
1st person
हम
2nd person
तुम
3rd person
ये/वे/आप
Non-aspectual
Present हूँ
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है
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है
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हैं
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हो
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हैं
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Subjunctive हूँ, होऊँ
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हो
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हो
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हों
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हो
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हों
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Future m हूँगा, होऊँगा
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होगा
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होगा
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होंगे
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होगे
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होंगे
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f हूँगी, होऊँगी
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होगी
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होगी
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होंगीं
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होगीं
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होंगीं
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Imperative हो
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हो
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होइए, हूजिए / हूजिये
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Past
Simple m था
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था
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था
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थे
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थे
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थे
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f थी
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थी
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थी
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थीं
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थीं
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थीं
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Preterite
Simple m हुआ
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हुआ
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हुआ
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हुए
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हुए
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हुए
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f हुई
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हुई
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हुई
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हुईं
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हुईं
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हुईं
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Present m हुआ हूँ
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हुआ है
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हुआ है
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हुए हैं
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हुए हो
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हुए हैं
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f हुई हूँ
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हुई है
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हुई है
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हुईं हैं
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हुईं हो
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हुईं हैं
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Past m हुआ था
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हुआ था
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हुआ था
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हुए थे
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हुए थे
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हुए थे
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f हुई थी
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हुई थी
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हुई थी
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हुईं थीं
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हुईं थीं
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हुईं थीं
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Presumptive m हुआ हूँगा
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हुआ होगा
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हुआ होगा
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हुए होंगे
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हुए होगे
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हुए होंगे
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f हुई हूँगा
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हुई होगा
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हुई होगा
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हुईं होंगे
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हुईं होगे
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हुईं होंगे
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Subjunctive m हुआ हूँ
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हुआ हो
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हुआ हो
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हुए हों
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हुए हो
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हुए हों
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f हुई हूँ
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हुई हो
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हुई हो
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हुईं हों
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हुईं हो
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हुईं हों
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Imperfective
Present m होता
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होता
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होता
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होते
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होते
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होते
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f होती
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होती
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होती
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होतीं
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होतीं
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होतीं
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Present m होता हूँ
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होता है
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होता है
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होते हैं
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होते हो
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होते हैं
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f होती हूँ
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होती है
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होती है
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होतीं हैं
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होतीं हो
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होतीं हैं
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Past m होता था
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होता था
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होता था
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होते थे
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होते थे
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होते थे
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f होती थी
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होती थी
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होती थी
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होतीं थीं
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होतीं थीं
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होतीं थीं
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Presumptive m होता हूँगा
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होता होगा
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होता होगा
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होते होंगे
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होते होगे
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होते होंगे
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f होती हूँगी
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होती होगी
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होती होगी
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होतीं होंगीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होतीं होगीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होतीं होंगीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
Subjunctive m होता हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होता हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होता हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होते हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होते हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होते हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
f होती हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होती हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होती हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होतीं हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होतीं हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
होतीं हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
Continuous
Present m हो रहा हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा है
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा है
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हैं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हैं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
f हो रही हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही है
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही है
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हैं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हैं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
Past m हो रहा था
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा था
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा था
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे थे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे थे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे थे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
f हो रही थी
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही थी
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही थी
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं थीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं थीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं थीं
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
Presumptive m हो रहा हूँगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा होगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा होगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे होंगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे होगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे होंगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
f हो रही हूँगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही होगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही होगा
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं होंगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं होगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं होंगे
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
Subjunctive m हो रहा हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहा हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहे हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
f हो रही हूँ
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रही हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हो
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.
हो रहीं हों
Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found.

Derived terms[уреди]

Terms derived from होना (honā)

Further reading[уреди]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “होना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Yamuna Kachru (2006) Hindi (London African and Oriental language library; 12)‎[1], John Benjamins Publishing, →ISBN
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “होना”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House
  • Шаблон:R:hi:Dasa
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “होना”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Old Hindi[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀪𑁄𑀤𑀺 (bhodi), from Санскрт भवति (bhavati), from Пра-Индо-Ирански *bʰawHati, from Пра-Индо-Европски *bʰewHeti. Compare Old Gujarati हूइ (hūi, 3p. sing. pres.).

Verb[уреди]

होना (honā)

  1. to be
    • Kabir 76.0:
      मैं सबनन मैं अर मैं न हूँ सब।
      maiṃ sabanana maiṃ ara maiṃ na hūm̐ saba.
      I am present in all, I am not this all.

Descendants[уреди]

  • Хинди: होना (honā)

References[уреди]