list

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List, līst, листліст

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Енглески[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

The white printed strip is the selvage of a piece of cloth. Such selvage is sometimes made with list (sense 2)
A list (sense 3) of the Roman Catholic popes buried in St. Peter’s Basilica on a plaque at the entrance to the Sacristy

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески lī̆st, lī̆ste (band, stripe; hem, selvage; border, edge, rim; list, specification; barriers enclosing area for jousting, etc.), from Стари Енглески līste (hem, edge, strip), or Стари Француски liste, listre (border; band; strip of paper; list), or Medieval Latin lista,[1] all from Proto-Germanic *līstǭ (band, strip; hem, selvage; border, edge), possibly from Прото-индоевропски *leys- (to trace, track). The word is cognate with Холандски lijst (list), Фински lista ((informal) list; batten), Galician lista (band, strip; list), Немачки Leiste (ledge; (heraldry) bar), Icelandic lista, listi, Италијански lista (list; strip), Португалски lista (list), Шпански lista (list, roll; stripe), Шведски lista (list).

Noun[уреди]

list (plural lists)

  1. A strip of fabric, especially from the edge of a piece of cloth.
  2. Material used for cloth selvage.
    • 1871 септембар 18, “The Jewish New Year”, in The Jewish Herald: A Record of Christian Effort for the Salvation of Israel, London: John Snow & Co., []; and the British Society [for the Propagation of the Gospel Among the Jews], [], published 1 November 1871, OCLC 749304689, page 174:
      Previous to the offering up of prayer, however, the persons chosen for this office [of praying for the people] had divested themselves of their boots and put on list slippers, their hands being washed by "the descendants of Levi" at a basin near the Holy of Holies.
    • 1893, A[rthur] Conan Doyle, “The Naval Treaty”, in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, New York, N.Y.: A. L. Burt, OCLC 691143; republished London: John Murray, [], January 1950, OCLC 632221174, page 255:
      "How is it, then, that the woman who came into the room about nine left to traces with her muddy boots?" / "I am glad you raise the point. It occurred to me at the time. The charwomen are in the habit of taking off their boots at the commissionaire's office, and putting on list slippers."
  3. A register or roll of paper consisting of a compilation or enumeration of a set of possible items; the compilation or enumeration itself. [from 1600]
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, “Of Youth and Age. XLII.”, in The Essayes or Covncils, Civill and Moral, [] Newly Written, London: Printed by Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, OCLC 863521290; newly enlarged edition, London: Printed by Iohn Haviland, [], 1632, OCLC 863527675, pages 247–248:
      Natures that haue much Heat, and great and violent deſires and Perturbations, are not ripe for Action, till they haue paſſed the Meridian of their yeares: As it was with Iulius Cæſar, and Septimius Seuerus. [] And yet he [Septimus Severus] was the Ableſt Emperour, almoſt, of all the Liſt.
    • Шаблон:RQ:Dickens Christmas Carol
    • 2013 јун 29, “A punch in the gut: How microbes promote liver cancer in the overweight”, in The Economist[2], volume 407, number 8842, pages 72–73:
      Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. [] Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism. Dr Yoshimoto and his colleagues would like to add liver cancer to that list.
  4. (in the plural, historical) The barriers or palisades used to fence off a space for jousting or tilting tournaments.
  5. (computing, програмирање) A codified representation of a list used to store data or in processing; especially, in the LISP programming language, a data structure consisting of a sequence of zero or more items.
  6. (architecture) A little square moulding; a fillet or listel.
  7. (столарија) A narrow strip of wood, especially sapwood, cut from the edge of a board or plank.
  8. (ropemaking) A piece of woollen cloth with which the yarns are grasped by a worker.
  9. (tin-plate manufacture) The first thin coating of tin; a wire-like rim of tin left on an edge of the plate after it is coated.
  10. (obsolete) A stripe.
  11. (obsolete) A boundary or limit; a border.
Synonyms[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[уреди]

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive) To create or recite a list.
  2. (transitive) To place in listings.
  3. (transitive) To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show of colours, or to form a border.
  4. (transitive) To cover with list, or with strips of cloth; to put list on; to stripe as if with list.
    to list a door
  5. (transitive, agriculture) To plough and plant with a lister.
  6. (transitive, agriculture, chiefly Southern US) To prepare (land) for a cotton crop by making alternating beds and alleys with a hoe.
  7. (transitive, столарија) To cut away a narrow strip, as of sapwood, from the edge of.
    to list a board
  8. (transitive, military) To enclose (a field, etc.) for combat.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To engage a soldier, etc.; to enlist.
    • 1642 октобар 28, [Philip Morant], History and Antiquities of the Borough of Colchester, in the County of Essex. [], Colchester, Essex: Printed and sold by I. Marsden, [...], published 1810, OCLC 14454124, pages 48–49:
      [] It is therefore ordered that the Maior and Aldermen of Colchester [et al.], shall forthwith procure and raise in the said severall townes, and other pleces adjacent, two thousand horses for dragooners, or as manie as possible they may, for the service as aforesaid, and with all possible speed to send them up to London unto Thomas Browne Grocer, and Maximilian Beard Girdler, by us appointed to list horses for the service aforesaid; []
    • Шаблон:RQ:Scott Peveril of the Peak
  10. (intransitive, obsolete) To engage in public service by enrolling one's name; to enlist.
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески list, liste (ability, cleverness, cunning, skill; adroitness, dexterity; strategem, trick; device, design, token), from Стари Енглески list (art, craft; cleverness, cunning, experience, skill),[2] from Proto-Germanic *listiz (art, craft), from Прото-индоевропски *leys-, *leyǝs- (furrow, trace, track, trail). The word is cognate with Холандски list (artifice, guile, sleight; ruse, strategem), Немачки List (cunning, guile; ploy, ruse, trick), Low German list (artifice, cunning; prudence, wisdom), Icelandic list (art), Saterland Frisian list (cunning, knowledge), Scots list (art, craft, skill; cunning), Шведски list (art; cunning, guile, wile; ruse, trick; stealth), and possibly Шпански listo (clever). It is also related to learn, lere, lore.

Noun[уреди]

list (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Art; craft; cunning; skill.
    • 1877 новембар 16, “Vaticanism”, in The Literary World. Choice Readings from the Best New Books, and Critical Reviews, volume XVI, number 420 (New Series), London: James Clarke & Co., [], OCLC 221123288, page 313, column 3:
      In discussing the Syllabus and the last dogma of 1870, so much must be allowed for Italian list and cunning, or a word-fence. An Englishman, with his matter-of-fact way of putting things, is no match for these gentry.
    • 1893, S[olomon] C[aesar] Malan, chapter XXVI, in Original Notes on the Book of Proverbs. Mostly from Eastern Writings, volume III (Ch. xxi.–xxxi.), London: Williams and Norgate, [], OCLC 610436370, page 349:
      Sophos, fab[le] 40. "The foxes had heard that the fowls were sick, and went to see them decked in peacock's feathers; said of men who speak friendly, but only with list or cunning within."
    • 1897, Lilian Winser, “Lossenbury Woods”, in Lays and Legends of the Weald of Kent, London: Elkin Mathews, [], OCLC 456507096, page 44:
      For when the guileful monster smiled / Snakes left their holes and hissed,— / And stroking soft his silken beard / Raised creatures full of list.
    • 1990, Alexander L. Ringer, “The Rise of Urban Musical Life between the Revolutions, 1789–1848”, in Alexander [L.] Ringer, editor, The Early Romantic Era: Between Revolutions: 1789 and 1848 (Man and Music; 6), Basingstoke, Hampshire; London: The Macmillan Press, DOI:10.1007/978-1-439-11297-5, →ISBN, figure 13, caption, page 22:
      'The general bass, in its fixed lines, is taken by surprise and overwhelmed by List [[Franz] Liszt]' (List = cunning); anonymous lithograph (c 1842).
    • 1992, Reading Medieval Studies: Annual Proceedings of the Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies in the University of Reading, [Reading, Berkshire]: Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Reading, ISSN 0950-3129, OCLC 624457645, page 92:
      [Der] Pleier [] provides a 'courtly corrective' to Daniel in the shape of his hero, Garel. The latter wins his fight not by list but through straightforward knightly prowess, []
    • 2000, Jakov Ljubarskij, “John Kinnamos as a Writer”, in Cordula Scholz and Georgios Makris, editors, ΠΟΛΥΠΛΕΥΡΟΣ ΝΟΥΣ [POLYPLEUROS NOUS]: Miscellanea für Peter Schreiner zu seinem 60. Geburtstag [VERSATILE MIND: Miscellanea for Peter Schreiner for His 60th Birthday] (Byzantinisches Archiv [Byzantine Archive]; 19), Munich; Leipzig: K[laus] G[erhard] Saur, →ISBN, footnote 11, page 166:
      It is worth noting that, contrary to Alexios who according to his daughter did not scruple to use any tricks to achieve his goal, Manuel [I Komnenos], as depicted by [John] Kinnamos, preferred "to win by war rather than by list" [].
    • 2008, Jon B. Sherman, The Magician in Medieval German Literature (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation), Urbana; Champaign, Ill.: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, OCLC 695692595:
      One man can accomplish with list (magic), that which a thousand could not accomplish, regardless of how strong they were.
Synonyms[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

Clipping of list(en).

Verb[уреди]

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle list)

  1. (intransitive, poetic) To listen.
  2. (transitive, poetic) To listen to.
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 4[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески listen, list, liste, leste, lesten (to choose, desire, wish (to do something)), from Стари Енглески lystan,[3] from Proto-Germanic *lustijaną, from Proto-Germanic *lustuz (pleasure). The word is cognate with Дански lyste (to desire, feel like, want), Холандски lusten (to appreciate, like; to lust), Фарски lysta (to desire), Old Norse lyste (to desire; to lust), Old High German lusten (modern Немачки gelüsten and lüsten (obsolete)).

The noun sense is from the verb, or from Средњи Енглески list, liste, lest, leste (desire, wish; craving, longing; enjoyment, joy, pleasure), which is derived from Средњи Енглески listen, list (verb).[4]

Verb[уреди]

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To be pleasing to.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To desire, like, or wish (to do something).
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list

  1. (obsolete) Desire, inclination.

Etymology 5[уреди]

Origin uncertain;[5] possibly from tilting on lists in jousts,[6] or from etymology 4 in the sense of inclining towards what one desires.[7]

Noun[уреди]

list (plural lists)

  1. (architecture) A tilt to a building.
  2. (nautical) A careening or tilting to one side, usually not intentionally or under a vessel's own power. [from early 17th c.]
Translations[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive, nautical) To cause (something) to tilt to one side. [from early 17th c.]
    the steady wind listed the ship
  2. (intransitive, nautical) To tilt to one side. [from early 17th c.]
    the ship listed to port
Translations[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. lī̆st(e, n.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 16 June 2018.
  2. list(e, n.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 24 June 2018.
  3. listen, v.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 17 June 2018.
  4. list, n.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 17 June 2018.
  5. Шаблон:R:Oxford Dictionaries Online
  6. William Long (6 November 2005), “List..the Word II”, in Drbilllong.com[1], archived from the original on 20 April 2012.
  7. list, n. 3” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018, retrieved 24 June 2018.

Further reading[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Czech[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list m

  1. leaf (green and flat organ of vegetative plants)
  2. letter (written message)
  3. sheet (sheet of paper)
  4. newspaper
    Polský list Dziennik Gazeta Prawna nejdříve napsal, že polská hlava státu podepíše dokument ve středu. (iDNES)
  5. certificate (document containing a certified statement)
    rodný list -- birth certificate
    úmrtní list -- death certificate

Declension[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

  • list in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • list in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list c (singular definite listen, not used in plural form)

  1. cunning, trick

Verb[уреди]

list

  1. императива од liste

Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Middle Dutch list, from Old Dutch list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list f (plural listen, diminutive listje n)

  1. a cunning plan

Anagrams[уреди]


Faroese[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list f (genitive singular listar, plural listir)

  1. art

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:fo-decl-noun-f2


Icelandic[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list f (genitive singular listar, nominative plural listir)

  1. art

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:is-decl-noun-f-s2

Derived terms[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Lower Sorbian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list m (diminutive listk)

  1. leaf, foliage
  2. letter (a written message)

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:dsb-decl-noun-18


Norwegian Bokmål[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Old Norse list

Noun[уреди]

list m, f (definite singular lista or listen)

  1. cunning, craftiness, slyness

Etymology 2[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

list

  1. imperative of liste

References[уреди]


Norwegian Nynorsk[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse list

Noun[уреди]

list f (definite singular lista)

  1. cunning, craftiness, slyness

References[уреди]


Old English[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Proto-Germanic *listiz. Cognate with Old Saxon list, Dutch list, Old High German list (German List), Old Norse list (Swedish list).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list f

  1. art; cunning, guile, craft

Declension[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]


Old Swedish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Phonetik.svg This entry информације о изговору. Ако сте упознати са IPA онда молим Вас додајте нешто!

Noun[уреди]

list f

  1. skill, proficiency
  2. art, craft
  3. cunning, slyness
  4. resort

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:gmq-osw-decl-noun-i-f

Descendants[уреди]


Polish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list m inan (diminutive liścik)

  1. letter (a written message)

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:pl-decl-noun

Derived terms[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

  • list in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

lȋst m (Ћирилица spelling ли̑ст)

  1. leaf
  2. (computing) leaf
  3. sheet (of paper or other material manufactured in thin sheets)
  4. newsletter, newspaper
  5. certificate (any official document attesting a fact)
  6. (obsolete) letter (written message)
  7. calf (leg part)
  8. sole, flatfish (fish species)

Declension[уреди]

References[уреди]

  • list” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list m (genitive singular listu, lista, nominative plural listy, genitive plural listov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. letter; a written message
  2. leaf; a part of a tree
  3. sheet; a piece of paper

Declension[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

  • list in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

líst m inan (genitive lísta, nominative plural lísti)

  1. piece of paper
  2. leaf
  3. sole
  4. (anatomy) calf (leg part)

Declension[уреди]

Related terms[уреди]


Swedish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Swedish list, from Old Norse list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz, from Прото-индоевропски *leys-, *leyǝs-. Cognate with Icelandic list.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

list c

  1. smartness, trick, cunning
  2. a strip (of wood or metal, a thin and long board), a border, a beading
  3. (graphical user interface) a bar

Declension[уреди]

Declension of list 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative list listen lister listerna
Genitive lists listens listers listernas

Related terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]


Upper Sorbian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *listъ (leaf).

Noun[уреди]

list m

  1. letter

list

list (српски, ћир. лист)[уреди]

Именица[уреди]

list, м

Значења:

  1. (значење изведено преко синонима) рег. liska (~ na grani) рег. [1][н 1]

  2. комад хартије[1]
  3. (значење изведено преко синонима) изр. žuta štampa изр., zabavnik, štampa, list, bulevarska štampa изр., tabloid, хрв. tjednik хрв., feljton суж., polumesečnik суж., tisak хрв., periodika, nedeljnik, glasilo, izdanje, dnevnik, dvobroj, večernjak, рет. podlistak рет., форм. glasnik форм., magazin, žurnal, арх. teklič арх., časopis, revija, publikacija [1][н 1]

  4. (значење изведено преко синонима) potkolenica (~ na nozi) анатом., рег. vadla рег. [1][н 1]

  5. лат. Solea vulgaris [1]

Синоними:

  1. рег. liska (~ na grani) рег. [1]
  2. papir, hartija, рег. artija рег., ćage арх. рег. [1]
  3. изр. žuta štampa изр., zabavnik, štampa, list, bulevarska štampa изр., tabloid, хрв. tjednik хрв., feljton суж., polumesečnik суж., tisak хрв., periodika, nedeljnik, glasilo, izdanje, dnevnik, dvobroj, večernjak, рет. podlistak рет., форм. glasnik форм., magazin, žurnal, арх. teklič арх., časopis, revija, publikacija [1]
  4. potkolenica (~ na nozi) анатом., рег. vadla рег. [1]
  5. зоол. tabanjaš зоол., švoj, švoja [1]

Референце[уреди]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 1,9 Павле Ћосић и сарадници, Речник синонима, Београд 2008, ISBN 978-86-86673-09-1

Напомене[уреди]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Ово значење је изведено преко синонима. Молимо вас да замените овај шаблон одговарајућим описом значења.