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county

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Енглески

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Википедија
A map showing counties of the Kingdom of Hungary (Hungary proper, Croatia and Slavonia), 1886-1918

Etymology

Од Middle English countee, counte, conte, од Anglo-Norman counté, Old French conté (French comté), од Латински comitātus (jurisdiction of a count), од comes (count, earl). Cognate with Шпански condado (county) и Италијански contea (county). Дублети of comitatus, borrowed directly from Latin. Mostly displaced native Old English sċīr, whence Modern English shire.

Pronunciation

Noun

county (countable and uncountable, plural counties)

  1. An administrative region of various countries, including Bhutan, Canada, China, Croatia, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Romania, South Korea, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and 48 of the 50 United States (excluding Alaska and Louisiana).
  2. A definitive geographic region, without direct administrative functions.
    traditional county
  3. (US, slang, uncountable) A jail operated by a county government.
    He can't come; he's up in the county for agg assault.
  4. (historical) The land ruled by a count or a countess.

Usage notes

  • In US usage, counties are almost always designated as such, with the word "County" capitalized and following the name — e.g., "Lewis County", rarely "Lewis", and never "County Lewis".
  • In British and Irish usage, counties are referenced without designation — e.g. "Kent" and never "Kent County". Exceptions are; Durham, which is often "County Durham" (but never "Durham County"); and the counties of Ireland. An organisation such as Kent County Council is the "County Council" of "Kent" and not the "Council" of "Kent County".
  • In Canadian usage, counties are typically designated as such, with the word "County" capitalized and usually preceding the name — e.g., "the County of Two Hills". Occasionally, "County" follows the name, as in "Sturgeon County".

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Немачки: County
  • Swahili: kaunti

Translations

See also

Adjective

county (comparative more county, superlative most county)

  1. Characteristic of a ‘county family’; representative of the gentry or aristocracy of a county.
    • 1886, Andrew Lang, The Mark of Cain:
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    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society 2010, p. 274:
      She was a tall girl and county, with Hilary's walk: she seemed to topple even when she sat.
    • 2007, Heather Julien, Gender and Literacy in Britain, 1847--1987, →ISBN:
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    • 2015, Kate Macdonald, Novelists Against Social Change: Conservative Popular Fiction, 1920-1960, →ISBN:
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