fall

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English[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Noun from Средњи Енглески fal, fall, falle, from Стари Енглески feall, ġefeall (a falling, fall), from Пра-Германски *fallą, *fallaz (a fall, trap), from Пра-Индо-Европски *(s)pōl-. Cognate with Холандски val, Немачки Fall, Шведски fall, Исландски fall.

Sense of "autumn" is by 1660s England, short for Средњи Енглески fall of the leaf (1540s), from the falling of leaves during this season.

Verb from Средњи Енглески fallen, from Стари Енглески feallan (to fall, fail, decay, die, attack), from Пра-Германски *fallaną (to fall), from Пра-Индо-Европски *(s)pōl-. Cognate with Западни Фризијски falle (to fall), Low German fallen (to fall), Холандски vallen (to fall), Немачки fallen (to fall), Norwegian Bokmål falle (to fall), Norwegian Nynorsk falla (to fall), Исландски falla (to fall), Албански fal (forgive, pray, salute, greet), Литвански pùlti (to attack, rush), Антички Грчки σφάλλω (sphállō, bring down, destroy, cause to stumble, deceive).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall (countable and uncountable, plural falls)

Fall (season) in the United States
  1. The act of moving to a lower position under the effect of gravity.
  2. A reduction in quantity, pitch, etc.
  3. (chiefly Canada, US, obsolete elsewhere) The time of the year when the leaves typically fall from the trees; autumn; the season of the year between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice. [from 16th c.]
  4. A loss of greatness or status.
    the fall of Rome
  5. That which falls or cascades.
    • 2010, Winter Pennington, Witch Wolf:
      A fall of hair tumbled down one side of her body like a veil.
  6. (sports) A crucial event or circumstance.
    1. (cricket, of a wicket) The action of a batsman being out.
    2. (curling) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown into an area to drift in a given direction.
    3. (wrestling) An instance of a wrestler being pinned to the mat.
  7. A hairpiece for women consisting of long strands of hair on a woven backing, intended primarily to cover hair loss.
    • 2004, Zoe Diana Draelos, Hair Care: An Illustrated Dermatologic Handbook, →ISBN, strana 202:
      Female patients with localized hair loss on the top of scalp could select a fall or a demiwig to camouflage crown and anterior scalp loss.
  8. (informal, US) Blame or punishment for a failure or misdeed.
    He set up his rival to take the fall.
  9. The part of the rope of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting (usu. plural).
    Have the goodness to secure the falls of the mizzen halyards.
  10. An old Scots unit of measure equal to six ells.
  11. A short, flexible piece of leather forming part of a bullwhip, placed between the thong and the cracker.
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]
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Related terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[уреди]

fall (third-person singular simple present falls, present participle falling, simple past fell or (in archaic sense only) felled, past participle fallen or (in archaic sense only) felled)

A sign warning about the danger of falling rocks.
  1. (heading, intransitive) To be moved downwards.
    1. To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity.
      Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground.
      • Шаблон:RQ:BLwnds TLdgr
        There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
    2. To come down, to drop or descend.
      The rain fell at dawn.
    3. To come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself.
      He fell to the floor and begged for mercy.
    4. To be brought to the ground.
  2. (transitive) To move downwards.
    1. (obsolete) To let fall; to drop.
      • (Can we date this quote by William Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        For every tear he falls, a Trojan bleeds.
    2. (obsolete) To sink; to depress.
      to fall the voice
    3. (Британија, US, dialect, archaic) To fell; to cut down.
      to fall a tree
  3. (intransitive) To happen, to change negatively.
    1. (copulative) To become.
      She has fallen ill.  The children fell asleep in the back of the car.When did you first fall in love?
      • (Can we date this quote by Charles Dickens and provide title, author's full name, and other details?), Little Dorrit
        At length they stood at the corner from which they had begun, and it had fallen quite dark, and they were no wiser.
    2. To occur (on a certain day of the week, date, or similar); said of an instance of a recurring event such as a holiday or date.
      Thanksgiving always falls on a Thursday.  Last year, Commencement fell on June 3.
    3. (intransitive) To collapse; to be overthrown or defeated.
      Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD.
    4. (intransitive, formal, euphemistic) To die, especially in battle or by disease.
      This is a monument to all those who fell in the First World War.
    5. (intransitive) To become lower (in quantity, pitch, etc.).
      The candidate's poll ratings fell abruptly after the banking scandal.
      • (Can we date this quote by John Davies (poet) and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and vanished.
      • 1835, Sir John Ross, Sir James Clark Ross, Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a North-west Passage …, Vol.1, pp.284-5:
        Towards the following morning, the thermometer fell to 5°; and at daylight, there was not an atom of water to be seen in any direction.
      • 2013 јул 20, “Old soldiers?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
        Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. [] One thing that is true, though, is that murder rates have fallen over the centuries, as policing has spread and the routine carrying of weapons has diminished. Modern society may not have done anything about war. But peace is a lot more peaceful.
    6. (followed by a determining word or phrase) To become; to be affected by or befallen with a calamity; to change into the state described by words following; to become prostrated literally or figuratively (see Usage notes below).
      Our senator fell into disrepute because of the banking scandal.
  4. (intransitive) To be allotted to; to arrive through chance, fate, or inheritance.
    And so it falls to me to make this important decision.  The estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      If to her share some female errors fall, / Look on her face, and you'll forget them all.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To diminish; to lessen or lower.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Upon lessening interest to four per cent, you fall the price of your native commodities.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To bring forth.
    to fall lambs
    (Можете ли пронађите и додајте цитат од en на овај унос?)
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; said of the young of certain animals.
    (Можете ли пронађите и додајте цитат од en на овај унос?)
  8. (intransitive) To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin.
    • Bible, Hebrews iv.11:
      Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
  9. (intransitive) To become ensnared or entrapped; to be worse off than before.
    to fall into error;  to fall into difficulties
  10. (intransitive) To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; said of the face.
    • Bible, Genesis iv.5:
      Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
    • (Can we date this quote by Joseph Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      I have observed of late thy looks are fallen.
  11. (intransitive) To happen; to come to pass; to chance or light (upon).
    • Bible, Ruth iii.18:
      Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall.
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act I Scene 2
      [] An the worst fall that ever fell, I hope I shall make shift to go without him.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jonathan Swift and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The Romans fell on this model by chance.
    • (Can we date this quote by Herbert Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Primitive men [] do not make laws, they fall into customs.
  12. (intransitive) To begin with haste, ardour, or vehemence; to rush or hurry.
    After arguing, they fell to blows.
    • (Can we date this quote by Benjamin Jowett and provide title, author's full name, and other details?) (Thucydides)
      They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart and soul.
  13. (intransitive) To be dropped or uttered carelessly.
    An unguarded expression fell from his lips.
  14. (intransitive, of a fabric) To hang down (under the influence of gravity).
    An Empire-style dress has a high waistline – directly under the bust – from which the dress falls all the way to a hem as low as the floor.
Quotations[уреди]
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]
Related terms[уреди]
Terms related to fall (verb)
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Perhaps from the north-eastern Scottish pronunciation of whale.

Interjection[уреди]

Шаблон:en-intj

  1. (nautical) The cry given when a whale is sighted, or harpooned.

Noun[уреди]

fall (plural falls)

  1. (nautical) The chasing of a hunted whale.
Derived terms[уреди]

Albanian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Турски fal, from Арапски فَأْل(faʾl, omen).[1]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall m (indefinite plural falle, definite singular falli, definite plural fallet)

  1. fortune telling

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:sq-noun-m

Derived terms[уреди]

References[уреди]


Breton[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

fall

  1. bad

Faroese[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse fall, from falla (to fall). The grammatical sense is a calque of Latin casus.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall n (genitive singular fals, plural føll)

  1. fall, drop
  2. case (linguistics)

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:fo-decl-noun-n10


German[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

fall

  1. Imperative singular of fallen.
  2. (colloquial) First-person singular present of fallen.

Icelandic[уреди]

Исландски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија is

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse fall, from falla (to fall). The grammatical sense is a calque of Latin casus.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall n (genitive singular falls, nominative plural föll)

  1. fall, drop
  2. (grammar) case
  3. (computing, programming) function; (subprogram, usually with formal parameters, returning a data value when called)
  4. indefinite accusative једнине of fall

Declension[уреди]

Synonyms[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]


Norwegian Bokmål[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Шаблон:nb-noun-n1

  1. a fall
  2. case
    i fall - in case
    i alle fall - in any case

Derived terms[уреди]

Related terms[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

fall

  1. imperative of falle

References[уреди]


Norwegian Nynorsk[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall n (definite singular fallet, indefinite plural fall, definite plural falla)

  1. a fall
  2. case

Derived terms[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

fall

  1. inflection of falle:
    1. simple past
    2. imperative

References[уреди]


Swedish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse fall, from falla (to fall). The grammatical sense is a calque of Latin casus.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

fall n

  1. a fall (the act of falling)
  2. a fall, loss of greatness or wealth, a bankruptcy
  3. a slope, a waterfall, the height of a slope or waterfall
    fallet är omgivet av skog
    the fall is surrounded by forest
    fallet är sjutton meter
    the water falls seventeen metres; the decline is seventeen metres
  4. a (legal) case
    i alla fall
    anyhow (in all cases)
    i annat fall
    otherwise (in another case)
    i så fall
    if so (in such a case)
    i vilket fall som helst
    in any case
    i vart fall
    in any case

Declension[уреди]

Declension of fall 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fall fallet fall fallen
Genitive falls fallets falls fallens

Related terms[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

fall

  1. imperative of falla.

References[уреди]