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- cogn. (abbreviation)
cognate (not comparable)
- Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (law) related on the mother's side.
- Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred.
- (linguistics) Descended from the same source lexeme of an ancestor language.
- English mother is cognate with Greek μητέρα (mitéra), German Mutter, Russian мать (matʹ) and Persian مادر (madar).
- In English, queen is cognate with quean, both of which are cognate with Russian жена́ (žená), Icelandic kona and Irish bean.
- English shirt is cognate with English skirt, short, and curt and with German kurz and French court ; all of these are descended from the Пра-Индо-Европски root *(s)ker-, meaning ‘to cut’.
"Cognate to" is much less common than "cognate with" and not even mentioned in most dictionaries.
derived from the same roots
descended from the same attested source lexeme of an ancestor language
cognate (plural cognates)
- One of a number of things allied in origin or nature.
- (law, dated) One who is related to another on the female side.
- (law, dated) One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages.
- (linguistics) A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word.
word derived from the same roots as a given word
- множине of