白金

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


 
white; empty; blank
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
metal; gold; money
simp. and trad.
(白金)

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Етимолошки текстови.
Посебно: “The wasei kango derivation only applies to the platinum sense. A fuller etymology is needed to describe 1) where and when this 白金 spelling first arose, and 2) how the senses developed and when they arose.”

Pronunciation


Noun

白金

  1. (informal) platinum Галицијски
  2. white gold Галицијски
  3. (archaic) silver Галицијски

Synonyms

edit

Derived terms

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (白金):

Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ja
Хемијски елемент
Pt
Претходни: イリジウム (irijiumu) (Ir)
Следећи: (きん) (kin) (Au)

Etymology 1

Kanji за овај терм
はく > はっ
Степен: 1
きん
Степен: 1
on’yomi

Originally from Средњи Кинески compound 白金 (“white + metal”) in reference to silver. Consider (shirogane, older shirokane, silver, literally white metal), where shiro in isolation is spelled and kane in isolation is spelled .

Repurposed by Japanese scientist Udagawa Yōan in 1834 as a compound of (haku, white) +‎ (kin, gold), in reference to the metal's description as “white gold” in earlier scientific works, such as Холандски witgoud.

Pronunciation

Noun

(はっ)(きん) (hakkinはくきん (fakukin)?

  1. platinum (metal)
  2. (rare, possibly obsolete) silver, particularly silver powder used as a pigment
Usage notes

This reading hakkin is sometimes used erroneously to refer to white gold, due to one of the literal interpretations of the characters in the kanji spelling. The reading shirokin (see below) appears in some reference works[3] with the meaning white gold, but the borrowed term ホワイトゴールド (howaito gōrudo) is much more common.

Synonyms
Descendants
  • Кинески: 白金
  • Корејски: 백금 (baekgeum)
  • Вијетнамски: bạch kim

Etymology 2

Kanji за овај терм
しろ
Степен: 1
きん
Степен: 1
yutōyomi

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (kin, gold). The use of the kun'yomi for the first character and the on'yomi for the second character points to a more recent derivation.

Pronunciation

Noun

(しろ)(きん) (shirokin

  1. (rare, possibly proscribed) white gold
Synonyms

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


Hanja in this term

Noun

白金 (baekgeum) (hangeul 백금)

  1. Hanja form? of 백금 (platinum).

Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


Hán tự in this word

Noun

白金

  1. Hán tự form of bạch kim, “platinum