พระ

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Тајски[уреди]

Етимологија[уреди]

Од Old Khmer bra или Angkorian Old Khmer braḥ, braḥh, brah (literally distinguished; divine; excellent; holy; sacred; superior; etc), of disputed origin; видите Кмерски ព្រះ (prĕəh) за више.

Compare Old Khmer vraḥ, vraḥh, vrah, vrahh, vrāʼaḥ, brā; Angkorian Old Khmer vraḥ, vraḥha, vraḥh, vrah, vras, vrāḥ.

Cognate са Modern Кмерски ព្រះ (prĕəh); Лао ພະ (pha), ພຣະ (pha ra). Compare also Бурмански ဘုရား (bhu.ra:), Old Javanese phra, Јавански bra.

Изговор[уреди]

Orthographicพระ
b r a
Phonemicพฺระ
b ̥ r a
РоманизацијаPaiboonprá
Royal Institutephra
(standard) IPA(key)/pʰraʔ˦˥/

Именица[уреди]

พระ (prá)

  1. god; deity.
  2. priest.
  3. royal person.
  4. representation, as image, statue, sculpture, etc, of a god, priest, or royal person.
  5. (historical)
    1. the Thai noble rank above หลวง (hlǔuang) and below พระยา.
    2. person holding such rank.
  6. male protagonist, as in a literary work, drama, etc.
  7. an honorific for or term of address to gods, high priests, and royals, as well as things and beings relating to them, also used as the head of nouns concerning them.

Корисне белешке[уреди]

When used as the head of nouns according to the last definition, the term may be combined with other terms to form more elegant heads. Examples are:

Terms Literal meaning Application Notes
Gods High priests Royals
พระบรมมหาราช (prá-bɔɔ-rom-má-hǎa-râat-chá-) sacred, supreme, great, royal Yes check.svg For monarchs
พระบรม (prá-bɔɔ-rom-má-) sacred, supreme Yes check.svg For monarchs
พระบรมราช (prá-bɔɔ-rom-má-râat-chá-) sacred, supreme, royal Yes check.svg For monarchs
พระบวร (prá-bɔɔ-wɔɔ-rá-) sacred, exalted Yes check.svg For princes of the Front Palace
พระบวรราช (prá-bɔɔ-wɔɔ-rá-râat-chá) sacred, exalted, royal Yes check.svg For princes of the Front Palace
พระปรม (prá-bpɔɔ-rá-má-) sacred, supreme Yes check.svg For monarchs
พระพุทธ (prá-pút-tá-) sacred, Buddhist Yes check.svg Yes check.svg For Buddhas and Buddhist high priests
พระมหา (prá-má-hǎa-) sacred, great Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
พระมหาราช (prá-má-hǎa-râat-chá-) sacred, great, royal Yes check.svg
พระมหาสมณ (prá-má-hǎa-sà-má-ná-) sacred, great, ecclesiastical Yes check.svg
พระราช (prá-râat-chá-) sacred, royal Yes check.svg For high-ranking royals
พระวร (prá-wɔɔ-rá-) sacred, excellent Yes check.svg For high-ranking royals
พระสมณ (prá-sà-má-ná-) sacred, ecclesiastical Yes check.svg
พระสุร (prá-sù-rá-) sacred, celestial Yes check.svg For high-ranking royals

Видите такође[уреди]

Pronoun[уреди]

พระ (prá)

  1. (poetic) a second or third person pronoun, applied to gods, priests, royals, and nobles.


Изведене речи: พระ

Фузи ћирилица: พระ

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