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Derived stems (sound verbs)[уреди]

Arabic Verbs
Arabic Nouns

Arabic verbs are noted for an unusual system of derivation. From any particular root various verb stems may be formed. Western scholars usually refer to these derivations as “Облик I”, “form II”, ... up through “form XV,” though these designations are not used indigenously, where they are referred to by derivations from the root ف ع ل(f-ʿ-l). Accordingly, form I would be فَعَلَ (faʿala)

, form II would be فَعَّلَ (faʿʿala)

, etc. These forms refer to triliteral roots (those made of three consonants). There are also quadriliteral roots, made up of four consonants, which come in four forms, “form Iq”, “form IIq”, “form IIIq” and “form IVq”. Triliteral forms XI through XV and quadriliteral forms IIIq and IVq are rare and tend to be intransitive, often stative, verbs (having the meaning “to be or become X” where X is an adjective).

These forms and their associated participles and verbal nouns are the primary means of forming vocabulary in Arabic. All of the examples shown here are the citation forms, which in Arabic means the 3rd-person masculine singular perfect (e.g., “he did”, “he wrote”).

Облик I[уреди]

Perfective فَعَلَ، فَعِلَ، فَعُلَ (faʿala, faʿila, faʿula)

, imperfective يَفْعَلُ، يَفْعِلُ، يَفْعُلُ (yafʿalu, yafʿilu, yafʿulu)

, active participle فَاعِل‎ (fāʿil)

, passive participle مَفْعُول‎ (mafʿūl)

, imperative (2nd person, m, sg) اِفْعَلْ‎‎، اِفْعِلْ، اُفْعُلْ (ifʿal, ifʿil, ufʿul)

This is the simplest basic form of a verb; it gives the general idea of its root. Most verbs are triliteral, but there are a few quadriliteral ones.