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U+8089, 肉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8089

[U+8088]
CJK jedinstveni ideogrami
[U+808A]
U+2F81, ⾁
KANGXI RADICAL MEAT

[U+2F80]
Kandži radikali
[U+2F82]

Flag of the United Nations.svg međunarodni


Redosled pisanja
6 poteza
Redosled pisanja
肉-order.gif

Alternative forms

  • U+2EBC (when used as a left Chinese radical in compositions)

The left component form ⺼ looks very similar to ⺝, the left radical form of (moon), and is often drawn identically in compounds. However they are etymologically distinct, and careful usage distinguishes the cross strokes, with ⺼ written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare 月 index and 肉 index.

The radical form ⺼ may also appear twisted to a diagonal, resembling with an added line, as in , , and .

Han character

(Kangxi radical 130, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人月人 (OBO), četiri-ugla 40227, composition or ⿻)

  1. Kangci radikal #130, .

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 973, karakter 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: karakter 29236
  • Dae Jaweon: strana 1424, karakter 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: tom 5, strana 2931, karakter 1
  • Unihan data za U+8089

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Kineski


simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Istorijski oblici karaktera
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script
肉-oracle.svg 肉-silk.svg 肉-slip.svg 肉-seal.svg 肉-bigseal.svg 肉-clerical.svg
Znakovi u istom fonetskom nizu () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Stari Kineski

Pictogram (象形) – ribs of an animal’s torso or simply a physical representation of a slice of meat.

Etymology 1

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *now (tender; soft), which has also been compared to (“soft; flexible”), (“to knead”), (“soft”), (“weak”), (“cowardly”), (“weak”) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007). Alternatively, it may be from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nja-k (meat, flesh) (STEDT).

Pronunciation


Nota:
  • rou4 - literary;
  • ru2 - vernacular.
  • Kantonski
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Nota:
    • jio̍k, lio̍k - literary;
    • he̍k, hia̍k - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. meat; flesh
      /   ―  zhūròu  ―  pork
        ―  niúròu  ―  beef
      從不 / 从不  ―  Wǒ cóngbù chī ròu.  ―  I never eat meat.
      異常鮮美 [MSC, trad.]
      异常鲜美 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè zhǒng yú de ròu yìcháng xiānměi. [Pinyin]
      The flesh of this kind of fish has exceptional delicacy.
      不久鬣狗便可飽餐一頓這些動物 [MSC, trad.]
      不久鬣狗便可饱餐一顿这些动物 [MSC, simp.]
      Bùjiǔ, liègǒu biànkě bǎocānyīdùn zhèxiē sǐ le de dòngwù de ròu. [Pinyin]
      Soon, the hyenas could then feast on the flesh of these dead animals.
    2. (specifically) pork
      三鮮餃子 / 三鲜饺子  ―  ròusānxiān de jiǎozi  ―  three delicious ingredient pork dumpling
      蒜薹  ―  suàntái chǎo ròu  ―  garlic chive and pork stir-fry
    3. body
      /   ―  ròu  ―  physical body
    4. flesh; pulp
      桃子 [MSC, trad.]
      桃子 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè táozi ròu wèi tián zhī duō. [Pinyin]
      The flesh of the peach was sweet and juicy.

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Etymology 2

    Pronunciation


    Definitions

    1. (archaic) edge; brim; an outer part of a ring-shaped object (such as coin or jade annulus)
    2. (archaic, of sound and music) rich; substantial
    3. (dialectal Mandarin) spongy; squashy; flabby
      西瓜瓤兒 [MSC, trad.]
      西瓜瓤儿 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè xīguā rángr tài ròu le. [Pinyin]
      The pulp of this watermelon is too spongy.
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) slow; sluggish
      做事 / 做事  ―  Zhè ge rén zuòshì zhēn ròu.  ―  This person does everything sluggishly.

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Etymology 3

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms
    𬁲

    Unclear. Reminiscent of (“dorsal meat”) (Schuessler, 2007).

    Alternatively, it may be of substrate origin. Compare (Deng, 1994):

    Pronunciation


    Nota: chiefly overseas.

    Definitions

    (Hokkien, Teochew)

    1. meat; flesh
      / [Min Nan]  ―  ti-bah [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  pork
      [Min Nan]  ―  牛-bah [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  beef
    2. (specifically) pork
      [Min Nan]  ―  bah-骨 [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  pork ribs
    3. flesh; pulp
      龍眼乾 / 龙眼干 [Min Nan]  ―  龍géng-koaⁿ bah [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  flesh of dried longan
    4. main part of an object
      [Min Nan]  ―  to-bah [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  blade of a knife or sword

    Further reading


    Flag of Japan.svg Japanski


    Kanji

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. flesh, meat

    Readings

    Etymology 1

    Kanji za ovaj term
    しし
    Stepen: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Stari Japanski. Not used in isolation in modern Japanese. Persists in compounds.

    Cognate with (shishi, beast, especially one used for meat).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (しし) (shishi

    1. (obsolete) meat
    2. (obsolete) flesh, as of one's body
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3885); text here:
        者 御奈麻須波夜志
        ししはみなますはやし
        wa ga shishi wa mi-namasu hayashi
        use my flesh for your side-dish
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Kanji za ovaj term
    にく
    Stepen: 2
    on’yomi

    From Srednji Kineski (*njiuk). Compare modern Min Nan (jiok8) or Haka (ngiuk7).

    Alternative forms

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (にく) (niku

    1. meat, the muscle and fat tissue of an animal used as food
    2. the flesh of an animal
    3. the flesh of a fruit or vegetable
    4. one's body, as opposed to spirit
    5. the thickness of a thing
      (いた)(にく)
      ita no niku
      the thickness of a board
    6. (figuratively) the flesh or meat of something, such as an idea, structure, or argument
      ()(ろん)(にく)をつける
      giron ni niku o tsukeru
      to put some meat on an argument, to flesh out an argument
    7. an ink pad, a stamp pad
    8. (theater, kabuki) short for 肉襦袢 (niku juban): flesh-toned undergarments worn by actors and shown when the character has to display their skin
    Synonyms
    Derived terms

    References

    1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Korejski


    Hanja

    (eumhun 고기 (gogi yuk))

    1. Hanja form? of (meat, flesh).

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Vijetnamski


    Han character

    1. (literary, dated, only in compounds) Hán tự form of nhục, “flesh

    Derived terms

    References


    (kineski)

    Objašnjenje.

    Izgovor:

    pinjin: ròu  
    Audio: Loudspeaker.svg(datoteka)
    Šablon:zh-cir

    Radikal:

    130

    Značenja:

    ...

    Primeri:

    1. 11 這些以為可憎你們不可[1]以為可憎
      1. 11 Zhèxiē wú chì wú lín yǐwéi kězēng de, nǐmen bùkě chī tā de ròu, sǐ de yě dāng yǐwéi kězēng.
        1. 11. Gadno da vam je, mesa da im ne jedete, i na strv njihov da se gadite.

    Sinonimi:

    ...


    Homofoni:

    ...

    Homografi:

    ...

    HSK nivo:

    ...

    Asocijacije:

    ...

    Izvedene reči:

    ...


    Srodni članci sa Vikipedije:


    Prevodi

    Reference

    Šablon:Kateg3 Šablon:Kateg

    Spoljašnje veze

    • [archchinese.com [2]]

    Prethodna Strana Naredna

    129 131

    Lista 肉: