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Šablon:en-noun

en-noun (plural en-nouns)


This is the standard inflection template for English nouns.

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.

Quick guide

[uredi]
Template parameters for Template:en-noun
Code Result Notes
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} or {{en-noun|s}} noun (plural nouns)
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} or {{en-noun|es}} church (plural churches)
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} belfry (plural belfries)
{{en-noun|-}} awe (uncountable)
{{en-noun|-|+}} or {{en-noun|-|s}} rain (usually uncountable; plural rains)
{{en-noun|-|+}} greenery (usually uncountable; plural greeneries)
{{en-noun|~}} beer (countable and uncountable; plural beers)
{{en-noun|!}} abligurition (plural not attested)
{{en-noun|?}} tuchus unknown or uncertain plural
{{en-noun|+|seraphim}} seraph (plural seraphs or seraphim)
{{en-noun|+|treen|pl2qual=obsolete}} tree (plural trees or (obsolete) treen)
{{en-noun|nolinkhead=1}} mai tai (plural mai tais) words separated by space(s) are not English
{{en-noun|head=[[south|South]] [[American]]}} South American (plural South Americans)
{{en-noun|p}} property rights pl (plural only)

Extended guide

[uredi]

Use this template to show the inflection line of an English singular noun.

This template shows the noun in bold (optionally linking its components) and its plural inflections, if any.

{{en-noun}}
{{en-noun|+}}
{{en-noun|s}}
{{en-noun|es}}
{{en-noun|...}}
{{en-noun|...|...}}

If the term has uncountable senses, the template can indicate whether the term is sometimes or never countable. Specifying - as the first parameter indicates that a term is uncountable, and no plural is shown by default. If it may occasionally be used as countable, specify the plural form after it.

{{en-noun|-}}
{{en-noun|-|+}}
{{en-noun|-|...}}

Specifying ~ instead indicates that the term is used more or less equally as countable and as uncountable, and uses the default plural.

{{en-noun|~}}
{{en-noun|~|...}}

In entries for English plural-only nouns, use {{en-noun|p}}:

{{en-noun|p}} 

Plural parameters

[uredi]

The default plural is formed as follows:

  1. If the noun ends in -s, -x, -z, -sh or -ch, add -es.
  2. If the noun ends in -y preceded by a consonant (any letter other than a, e, i, o or u), change the -y to -i and add -es.
  3. Otherwise, add -s.

If the noun forms its plural according to these rules, no parameters are necessary. E.g. on "cherry":

===Noun===
{{en-noun}}

The above code displays as follows:

Noun
cherry (plural cherries)

If the noun forms its plural in any other way (e.g. on "mouse"):

{{en-noun|errata}}
erratum (plural errata)
{{en-noun|mice}}
mouse (plural mice)

Likewise, if the noun is identical in the plural, but still countable, specify it, e.g. on "Abkhaz":

{{en-noun|Abkhaz}}
Abkhaz (plural Abkhaz)

To explicitly request the default plural, use +. This is not necessary if the word only has one plural, but it is useful if the noun has multiple plurals, e.g. on "octopus":

{{en-noun|+|octopi|octopodes}}
octopus (plural octopuses or octopi or octopodes)

If the noun is uncountable, use -, e.g. on "awe":

{{en-noun|-}}
awe (uncountable)

If the noun is usually uncountable, use - followed by an explicit plural, e.g. on "reality":

{{en-noun|-|+}}
reality (usually uncountable, plural realities)

If the noun is either countable or uncountable, use ~, e.g. on "beer" and "geometry":

{{en-noun|~}}
beer (countable and uncountable; plural beers)
{{en-noun|~}}
geometry (countable and uncountable; plural geometries)

If you want to qualify a plural, use |plNqual=:

{{en-noun|+|treen|pl2qual=obsolete}}
tree (plural trees or (obsolete) treen)

Other parameters

[uredi]
|head=, |head2=, ...
Override the headword display; used to add links to individual words in a multiword term.
|def=1 or |the=1
Specify that the term is normally preceded the definite article the. When given, the will appear at the beginning of the headword.
|def=~ or |the=~
Specify that the term is optionally preceded the definite article the. When given, two headwords will be generated, one with the and one without.
|id=
Sense ID for linking to this headword. See {{senseid}} for more information.
|nolinkhead=1, |splithyph=1, |nosplithyph=1, |hyphspace=1
Control how multiword terms are linked. See Module:en-headword/documentation for more information.
|nosuffix=1
Prevent terms beginning with a hyphen from being interpreted as suffixes. See Module:en-headword/documentation#Suffix handling for more information.
|nomultiwordcat=1
Prevent multiword terms (those with spaces or with hyphens in the middle) from being added to Category:English multiword terms.
|pagename=
Override the page name used to compute default values of various sorts. Useful when testing, for documentation pages, etc.
|sort=
Sort key. Rarely needs to be specified, as it is normally automatically generated.

Pluralia tantum

[uredi]

If the word is a plurale tantum (always or usually used in the plural only, such as scissors or cattle), then use |1=p.

In addition to the parameters documented above, such terms support the following parameters:

|sg=, |sg2=, ...
Specify the singular version(s) of plurale tantum nouns that are occasionally found in the singular, e.g. dreadlocks, corn flakes, earmuffs, etc.
|attr=, |attr2=, ...
Specify the attributive version(s) of the nouns, i.e. the form used when modifying another noun. Examples are pants with |attr=pant; boxer shorts with |attr=boxer-short and |attr2=boxer short; etc.

For example, for boxer shorts, use {{en-noun}}.

Autosplitting

[uredi]

{{en-noun}}, as with all English headword-line templates, implements an intelligent, customized algorithm for automatically splitting and linking the components of a multiword term. See Module:en-headword/documentation#Autosplitting for more information.

Suffix handling

[uredi]

{{en-noun}}, as with all English headword-line templates, will normally interpret a term beginning with a hyphen as a suffix and handle it specially. See Module:en-headword/documentation#Suffix handling for more information.

[uredi]

{{en-noun}}, as with all English headword-line templates, has a special mechanism for overriding the default linking behavior of individual terms in a multiword expression without having to repeat the entire expression. See Module:en-headword/documentation#Link modifications for more information.